Abraham Lincoln Biography Facts | 16th US PRESIDENT
US President: 1861-1865
US Vice President: Hannibal Hamlin (1861-1865), Andrew Johnson (1865)
Political Party: Republican
Birth: February 12, 1809 at Hodgenville, Kentucky, U.S.
Death: April 15, 1865 (aged 56) at Petersen House, Washington, D.C., U.S.
16th President of the United States (1861 – 1865)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois’s 7th district (1847 – 1849)
Member of the Illinois House of Representatives (1834 – 1842)
Political Party: Whig (1834-1854), Republican (1854-1865)
First Ladies: Mary Todd Lincoln (m. 1842 – 1865)
Children: Robert Todd Lincoln, Edward Baker Lincoln, Willie Lincoln, Tad Lincoln
Pictures of Mary Lincoln from the Library of Congress
Facts about Abraham Lincoln
- He was the only president to have a patent: Lincoln invented a device to free steamboats that ran aground.
- He practiced law without a degree. Lincoln had about 18 months of formal schooling.
- He wanted women to have the vote in 1836. The future president was a suffragette before it became fashionable.
- He was a big animal lover, but he wouldn’t hunt or fish. If he were alive today, Lincoln would be running an animal shelter.
- He really was a wrestler. Lincoln was documented as taking part in wrestling bouts. We don’t think he wore a mask or had a manager.
- He lost in his first bid for a presidential ticket. The unknown Lincoln was an unsuccessful vice presidential candidate in 1856 at the Republican convention.
- He never belonged to an organized church. Lincoln read the Bible daily, but he never joined an organized church in his lifetime.
- He didn’t drink, smoke, or chew. Lincoln was a simple man of tastes, and he never drank in the White House.
- He didn’t have a middle name. Lincoln went through his life with two names.
- He hated being called Abe. Apparently, he preferred being called by his last name.
The most famous and most visited memorials are Lincoln’s sculpture on Mount Rushmore; Lincoln Memorial, Ford’s Theatre, and Petersen House (where he died) in Washington, D.C.; and the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield, Illinois, not far from Lincoln’s home, as well as his tomb.
There was also the Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln exhibit in Disneyland, and the Hall of Presidents at Walt Disney World, which had to do with Walt Disney admiring Lincoln ever since he was a little boy.
More Lincoln Facts
- Lincoln established Thanksgiving as a national holiday.
- He was the first president born outside of the 13 original states.
- Lincoln was the first president to use the telegraph.
- Lincolns mother was killed by poisoned milk.
- Lincolns life was saved twice when he was young.
- Grave robbers were foiled in 1876 when they tried to steal Lincolns body.
- He was the first president with a beard.
- Abe was estranged from his father and didn’t attend his funeral.
- Lincoln shot on Good Friday.
- Lincoln was photographed with John Wilkes Booth at his second inauguration.
- There are no direct living descendants of Abraham Lincoln.
- Someone shot at Lincoln in 1864 and put a hole in his stovepipe hat.
- Lincoln was the first president to be assassinated.
- Lincoln kept his important documents inside his hat.
- Lincoln’s portrait appears on two denominations of United States currency, the penny and the $5 bill.
His likeness also appears on many postage stamps and he has been memorialized in many town, city, and county names, including the capital of Nebraska.
Abraham Lincoln Childhood
First, Abraham Lincoln was born February 12, 1809, the second child of Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln, in a one-room log cabin on the Sinking Spring Farm in Hardin County, Kentucky (now LaRue County). He was a descendant of Samuel Lincoln, who migrated from Norfolk, England to Hingham, Massachusetts, in 1638. Samuel’s grandson and great-grandson began the family’s western migration, which passed through New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.
Second, Lincoln’s paternal grandfather and namesake, Captain Abraham Lincoln, moved the family from Virginia to Jefferson County, Kentucky in the 1780s. His children, including six-year-old Thomas, the future president’s father, witnessed the attack. Furthermore, after his father’s murder, Thomas was left to make his own way on the frontier, working at odd jobs in Kentucky and in Tennessee, before settling with members of his family in Hardin County, Kentucky, in the early 1800s.
Abraham Lincolns Mother
Lincoln’s mother, Nancy, is widely assumed to have been the daughter of Lucy Hanks, although no record of Nancy Hanks’ birth has ever been found. According to William Ensign Lincoln’s book The Ancestry of Abraham Lincoln, Nancy was the daughter of Joseph Hanks; however, the debate continues over whether she was born out of wedlock. Still another researcher, Adin Baber, claims that Nancy Hanks was the daughter of Abraham Hanks and Sarah Harper of Virginia.
Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks were married on June 12, 1806, in Washington County, and moved to Elizabethtown, Kentucky, following their marriage. They became the parents of three children: Sarah, born on February 10, 1807; Abraham, on February 12, 1809; and another son, Thomas, who died in infancy. Thomas Lincoln bought or leased several farms in Kentucky, including the Sinking Spring farm, where Abraham was born; however, a land title dispute soon forced the Lincolns to move. In 1811 the family moved eight miles north, to Knob Creek Farm, where Thomas acquired title to 230 acres (93 ha) of land.
In 1815 a claimant in another land dispute sought to eject the family from the farm. Of the 816.5 acres that Thomas held in Kentucky, he lost all but 200 acres (81 ha) of his land in court disputes over property titles.
In 1816 the family moved north across the Ohio River to Indiana, a free, non slave-holding territory, where they settled in an “”unbroken forest”” in Hurricane Township, Perry County. The farm is a part of the Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial. In 1860 Lincoln noted that the family’s move to Indiana was “”partly on account of slavery””; but mainly due to land title difficulties in Kentucky.
Abraham Lincoln Later Years
During the family’s years in Kentucky and Indiana, Thomas Lincoln worked as a farmer, cabinetmaker, and carpenter. He owned farms, several town lots and livestock, paid taxes, sat on juries, appraised estates, served on country slave patrols, and guarded prisoners. Thomas and Nancy Lincoln were also members of a Separate Baptists church, which had restrictive moral standards and opposed alcohol, dancing, and slavery. Within a year of the family’s arrival in Indiana, Thomas claimed title to 160 acres (65 ha) of Indiana land.
Despite some financial challenges he eventually obtained clear title to 80 acres (32 ha) of land in what became known as the Little Pigeon Creek Community in Spencer County. Prior to the family’s move to Illinois in 1830, Thomas had acquired an additional twenty acres of land adjacent to his property. A statue of young Lincoln sitting on a stump, holding a book open on his lap. The young Lincoln in sculpture at Senn Park, Chicago.
Several significant family events took place during Lincoln’s youth in Indiana. On October 5, 1818, Nancy Lincoln died of milk sickness, leaving eleven-year-old Sarah in charge of a household that included her father, nine-year-old Abraham, and Dennis Hanks, Nancy’s nineteen-year-old orphaned cousin. On December 2, 1819, Lincoln’s father married Sarah “”Sally”” Bush Johnston, a widow from Elizabethtown, Kentucky, with three children of her own. Abraham became very close to his stepmother, whom he referred to as “”Mother””. Those who knew Lincoln as a teenager later recalled him being very distraught over his sister Sarah’s death on January 20, 1828, while giving birth to a stillborn son.
Lincoln in the Frontier
As a youth, Lincoln disliked the hard labor associated with frontier life. Some of his neighbors and family members thought for a time that he was lazy for all his “”reading, scribbling, writing, ciphering, writing Poetry, etc.””, and must have done it to avoid manual labor. His stepmother also acknowledged he did not enjoy “”physical labor””, but loved to read.
His formal schooling from several itinerant teachers was intermittent, the aggregate of which may have amounted to less than a year; however, an avid reader and a lifelong interest in learning. Family, neighbors, and schoolmates of Lincoln’s youth recalled that he read and reread the King James Bible, Aesop’s Fables, Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress, Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe, Weems’s The Life of Washington, and Franklin’s Autobiography, among others.
As he grew into his teens, Lincoln took responsibility for the chores expected of him as one of the boys in the household. He also complied with the customary obligation of a son giving his father all earnings from work done outside the home until the age of twenty-one. Abraham became adept at using an axe. Tall for his age, Lincoln was also strong and athletic. Also, he attained a reputation for brawn and audacity after a very competitive wrestling match with the renowned leader of a group of ruffians known as “”the Clary’s Grove boys””.
Lincoln Family Moves to Illinois
Moreover, in early March 1830, fearing a milk sickness outbreak along the Ohio River, the Lincoln family moved west to Illinois, a non-slave-holding state. They settled on a site in Macon County, Illinois, 10 miles (16 km) west of Decatur. Historians disagree on who initiated the move. After the family relocated to Illinois, Abraham became increasingly distant from his father, in part because of his father’s lack of education, and occasionally lent him money.
In 1831, as Thomas and other members of the family prepared to move to a new homestead in Coles County, Illinois, Abraham was old enough to make his own decisions and struck out on his own. Traveling down the Sangamon River, he ended up in the village of New Salem in Sangamon County. Later that spring, Denton Offutt, a New Salem merchant, hired Lincoln and some friends to take goods by flatboat from New Salem to New Orleans via the Sangamon, Illinois, and Mississippi rivers. After arriving in New Orleans and witnessing slavery first-hand Lincoln returned to New Salem, where he remained for the next six years.
Where is Abraham Lincoln buried?
His body lies in Lincoln Tomb, Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois.
How did Abraham Lincoln die?
Finally, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on Good Friday, April 14, 1865, while attending a play at Ford’s Theatre as the American Civil War was drawing to a close. After remaining in a coma for nine hours, Lincoln died at 7:22 am on April 15.”
Abraham LINCOLN Biography
LINCOLN, Abraham, a Representative from Illinois and 16th President of the United States; born in Hardin County, Ky., February 12, 1809; moved with his parents to a tract on Little Pigeon Creek, Ind., in 1816; attended a log-cabin school at short intervals and was self-instructed in elementary branches; moved with his father to Macon County, Ill., in 1830 and later to Coles County, Ill.; read the principles of law and works on surveying; during the Black Hawk War he volunteered in a company of Sangamon County Rifles organized April 21, 1832; was elected its captain and served until May 27, when the company was mustered out of service; reenlisted as a private and served until mustered out June 16, 1832; returned to New Salem, Ill., and was unsuccessful as a candidate for the State house of representatives; entered business as a general merchant in New Salem; postmaster of New Salem 1833-1836; deputy county surveyor 1834-1836;
Elected a member of the State house of representatives in 1834, 1836, 1838, and 1840; declined to be a candidate for renomination; admitted to the bar in 1836; moved to Springfield, Ill., in 1837 and engaged in the practice of law; elected as a Whig to the Thirtieth Congress (March 4, 1847-March 3, 1849); did not seek a renomination in 1848; an unsuccessful applicant for Commissioner of the General Land Office under President Taylor; tendered the Governorship of Oregon Territory, but declined; unsuccessful Whig candidate for election to the United States Senate before the legislature of 1855; unsuccessful Republican candidate for the United States Senate in 1858; elected as a Republican President of the United States in 1860; reelected in 1864 and served from March 4, 1861, until his death; shot by an assassin in Washington, D.C., April 14, 1865, and died the following day; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, April 19-21, 1865; interment in Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Ill.