Andrew JACKSON



Andrew Jackson Facts | 7th US PRESIDENT

President: 1829-1837
Nicknames: King Mob, The Hero of New Orleans, Old Hickory
US Vice President: John Calhoun (1829-1832), Martin Van Buren (1833-1837)
Political Party: Democratic (1828-1845) (Before 1828) Democratic-Republican
Born: March 15, 1767 at Waxhaws border region between North Carolina and South Carolina
Died: June 8, 1845 (aged 78) at Nashville, Tennessee
Spouse: Rachel Donelson (m. 1791 – 1828)

Offices held:
7th President of the United States (1829 – 1837)
United States Senator from Tennessee (1823 – 1825, 1797 – 1798)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee’s At-Large district (1796 – 1797)
Political Party:
Democratic-Republican (before 1828), Democratic (1828 – 1845)

First Family
First Ladies: Rachel Donelson
Children: Andrew Jackson, Lyncoya Jackson, John Samuel Donelson, John Samuel Donelson, Daniel Smith Donelson, Andrew Jackson Donelson, Andrew Jackson Hutchings, Carolina Butler, Eliza Butler, Edward Butler, Anthony Butler
Pictures of Rachel Jackson from the Library of Congress

Genealogy
Andrew Jackson’s Hermitage Family Genealogy

Andrew Jackson Childhood

He was born on March 15, 1767, to Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson, Scots-Irish colonists who emigrated from Ireland in 1765. Though Jacksons birthplace is presumed to have been at one of his uncles’ houses in the remote Waxhaws region that straddles North Carolina and South Carolina. Jackson’s birth came just three weeks after the sudden death of his father at the age of 29.

Growing up in poverty in the Waxhaws wilderness, Jackson received an erratic education in the years before the Revolutionary War came to the Carolina’s. After his older brother Hugh died in the Battle of Stono Ferry in 1779, the future president joined a local militia at age 13 and served as a patriot courier. Captured by the British along with his brother Robert in 1781, Jackson was left with a permanent scar from his imprisonment after a British officer gashed his left hand and slashed his face with a sword because the young boy refused to polish the Redcoats boots.

While in captivity the brothers contracted smallpox, from which Robert would not recover. A few days after the British authorities released the brothers in a prisoner exchange arranged by their mother, Robert died. Not long after his brother’s death, Jackson’s mother died of cholera contracted while she nursed sick and injured soldiers. At the age of 14, Jackson was an orphan, and the deaths of his family members during the Revolutionary War led to a lifelong antipathy of the British.

Andrew Jackson Photos

Pictures from the Library of Congress

Raised by his uncles, Jackson began studying law in Salisbury, North Carolina, in his late teens. He successfully passed the bar in 1787, and soon after, the 21-year-old Jackson was appointed prosecuting attorney in the western district of North Carolina, an area that is now part of Tennessee. He moved to the frontier settlement of Nashville in 1788 and eventually became a wealthy landowner from the money he accumulated from a thriving private practice.

In 1796, Jackson was a member of the convention that established the Tennessee Constitution and was elected Tennessee’s first representative in the U.S. House of Representatives. Elected to the U.S. Senate the following year, but resigned after serving only eight months. In 1798, Jackson was appointed a circuit judge on the Tennessee superior court, serving in that position until 1804.

Facts about Andrew Jackson

In his will, Jackson left his entire estate to his adopted son, Andrew Jackson Jr., except for specifically enumerated items that were left to various other friends and family members.

  • Both of Jackson’s parents, Andrew and Elizabeth, were born in Irelands Country Antrim (Northern Ireland).
  • The seventh president was born on March 15, 1767, but exactly where is disputed. Both North Carolina and South Carolina claim to be his birthplace.
  • His nicknames included King Mob, the Hero of New Orleans and Old Hickory.

In May, 1814, during the War of 1812, Andrew Jackson was a Major General in the US Army. On January 8, 1815, he defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans and was lauded as a hero.

Andrew Jackson Biographies

Biography from Biography.com
Biography from University of Gronigen
Congressional Biography

Jackson was the target of the first attempt of presidential assassination. As Jackson was leaving the U.S. Capitol on January 30, 1835, following a memorial service for a congressman, a deranged house painter named Richard Lawrence fired a pistol at the president from just feet away. When Lawrences gun misfired, he pulled out a second weapon and squeezed the trigger. That pistol also misfired.

  • He was the only president to have been a former prisoner of war. In April 1781, he was a prisoner along with his brother Robert.
  • Although he led campaigns against the Creeks and Seminoles during his military career and signed the Indian Removal Act as president, Jackson also adopted a pair of Native American infants during the Creek War in 1813 and 1814.
  • He was a notorious gambler. As a teenager, he gambled away all of his grandfathers inheritance on a trip to Charleston, South Carolina. Andrew Jackson’s passion in life was racing and wagering on horses.
  • Jackson’s portrait appears on the $20 bill although he detested paper money.
  • Jackson’s presidency was a time of rising sectional strife with many southerners fighting against increased an increasingly powerful national government.

President Jackson and Rachel Donelson Marriage

Before he became president, Jackson married a woman named Rachel Donelson in 1791. Rachel thought that she had been legally divorced after a failed first marriage. However, this was not accurate and after the wedding, her first husband charged Rachel with adultery. Jackson then had to wait until 1794 when he could finally, legally marry Rachel.

  • As the first president to truly embrace the power of the presidency, President Jackson vetoed more bills than all previous presidents.
  • Jackson was the first president to truly rely on an informal group of advisers called the “”Kitchen Cabinet”” to set policy instead of his real cabinet.
  • Andrew Jackson passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830 and signed into law by Jackson to force them to move.
  • Jackson was Tennessee’s first representative in the House, taking office in 1796.
  • Jackson had a long history of dueling. Like Burr, Jackson killed a man in a duel, and in Jacksons lifetime he was involved in at least a dozen duels.

Andrew Jackson Duel

Future President Andrew Jackson killed Charles Dickinson whom accused him of cheating him on a horse race bet and then proceeded to insult his wife, Rachel.

Dickinson wrote to Jackson calling him a “coward and an equivicator”. The affair continued, with more insults and misunderstandings, until Dickinson published a statement in the Nashville Review in May 1806, calling Jackson a “worthless scoundrel, … a poltroon and a coward”.

Jackson and Dickinson were both horse breeders and plantation owners with a long standing dislike for each other. Dickinson accused Jackson of reneging on a horse bet, calling Jackson a coward and an equivocator. Dickinson also called Rachel Jackson a bigamist. (At the time Rachel had married Jackson not knowing her first husband had not finalize their divorce)

Where is Andrew Jackson buried?

Jackson’s burial is on the plantations garden in The Hermitage, Nashville, Tennessee, with Rachel. When Rachel Jackson died suddenly on December 22, 1828, Andrew Jackson had yet to make any preparations for their final resting place. Jackson decided to bury Rachel in her garden at The Hermitage as it was her favorite place.

How did Andrew Jackson die?

Jackson died at his plantation on June 8, 1845, at the age of 78, of chronic tuberculosis, dropsy, and heart failure.” Andrew Jackson suffered abdominal pains, a bad cough, and headaches as a result of a musket ball in his lung, he died from a combination of chronic tuberculosis, dropsy, and ultimately heart failure.

Andrew JACKSON Biography

JACKSON, Andrew, a Representative and a Senator from Tennessee and 7th President of the United States; born on March 15, 1767; in the Waxhaw Settlement in South Carolina; attended an old-field school; though just a boy, participated in the battle of Hanging Rock during the Revolution, captured by the British and imprisoned; worked for a time in a saddlers shop and afterward taught school; studied law in Salisbury, N.C.; admitted to the bar in 1787; moved to Jonesboro (now Tennessee) in 1788 and commenced practice; appointed solicitor of the western district of North Carolina, comprising what is now the State of Tennessee, in 1788; held the same position in the territorial government of Tennessee after 1791; delegate to the convention to frame a constitution for the new State 1796; upon the admission of Tennessee as a State into the Union was elected to the Fourth and Fifth Congresses and served from December 5, 1796, until his resignation in September 1797; elected as a Democratic Republican in September 1797 to the United States Senate for the term that had commenced March 4, 1797, and served from September 26, 1797, until his resignation in April 1798;

Judge of the State supreme court of Tennessee 1798-1804; engaged in planting and in mercantile pursuits; served in the Creek War of 1813 as commander of Tennessee forces; his victory in the Creek War brought him a commission as major general in the United States Army in May 1814; led his army to victory over the British in the Battle of New Orleans in January 1815; received the thanks of Congress and a gold medal by resolution of February 27, 1815; commanded an expedition which captured Florida in 1817; served as Governor of the new territory in 1821; again elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1823, to October 14, 1825, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Eighteenth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for President in 1824; elected as a Democrat as President of the United States in 1828; reelected in 1832 and served from March 4, 1829, to March 3, 1837; retired to his country home, the Hermitage, near Nashville, Tenn., where he died June 8, 1845; interment in the garden on his estate.