Franklin D ROOSEVELT



Franklin D Roosevelt Facts | 32nd US PRESIDENT

US President: (1933-1945)
US Vice President: John Garner (1933-1941), Henry Wallace (1941-1945), Harry Truman (1945)
Political Party: Democrat
Birth: January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, NY
Death: April 12, 1945 in Warm Springs, GA
Education: Harvard University, Columbia Law School

Offices held:
32nd President of the United States (1933 – 1945)
44th Governor of New York (1929 – 1933)
Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1913 – 1920)
Member of the New York State Senate for the 26th District (1911 – 1913)

First Family
Spouse: Eleanor Roosevelt (m. 1905 – 1945)
Children: Anna Roosevelt Halsted, James Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, Elliott Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Jr., John Aspinwall Roosevelt
Pictures of Eleanor Roosevelt from the Library of Congress
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site
Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project
PBS’ American Experience: Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt Center
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr.
James Roosevelt

Photos
Pictures from the Library of Congress
Roosevelt photo essay from TIME
Photos from Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library

Genealogy
Ancestors and descendants of Franklin Roosevelt
Relationship of Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin D. Roosevelt
Ancestors of Franklin D. Roosevelt
Roosevelt Heraldry

Facts about Franklin D Roosevelt

First, he was the only child of Sara Delano and James Roosevelt, but he was not, however, his father’s only child. James did have a much older son, also named James, from his first marriage to Rebecca Brien Howland. FDR’s brother, nicknamed “”Rosy,”” was born in 1854 the same year as FDR’s mother.

  • Collecting stamps was a nearly lifelong passion for Franklin. He started up with this hobby around the age of 8.
  • His wife, Eleanor was the niece of another of Franklin’s distant relatives, President Theodore “”Teddy”” Roosevelt.
  • Fed up with the U.S. Supreme Court for striking down several New Deal laws, Roosevelt in early 1937 proposed expanding it from nine to as many as 15 justices.
  • He sanctioned the imprisonment of Japanese-Americans during WW2.

Second, in the summer of 1921, while on vacation in Canada, 39-year-old Roosevelt fell ill with what was ultimately diagnosed as polio, a disease with no known cure. Paralyzed from the waist down, he underwent years of painstaking physical rehabilitation to try and regain the use of his legs.

Roosevelt made history when he appointed Frances Perkins to his cabinet in 1933. Selected as secretary of labor, Perkins became the first woman to hold a cabinet post in a U.S. presidential administration.

  • Franklin D Roosevelt holds the record for the longest-serving American president.
  • The first sitting president to fly in a plane.
  • A series of conferences with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin laid down the bases for the postwar world.
  • Roosevelt’s home in Hyde Park is now a National Historic Site and home to his Presidential library.

Franklin D Roosevelt Childhood

Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, into a wealthy family. The Roosevelt’s had been prominent for several generations, having made their fortune in real estate and trade. Franklin was the only child of James Roosevelt and Sara Ann Delano Roosevelt. Therefore, the family lived at Springwood, their estate in the Hudson River Valley in New York State.

While growing up, Franklin Roosevelt was surrounded by privilege and a sense of self-importance. He was educated by tutors and governesses until age 14, and the entire household revolved around him, with his mother being the dominant figure in his life, even into adulthood.

In 1896, Franklin Roosevelt attended Groton School for boys, a prestigious Episcopal preparatory school in Massachusetts. The experience was a difficult one for him, as he did not fit in with the other students. Groton men excelled in athletics and Roosevelt did not. Also, he strived to please the adults and took to heart the teachings of Groton’s headmaster, Endicott Peabody, who urged students to help the less fortunate through public service.

After graduating from Groton in 1900, Franklin Roosevelt entered Harvard University, determined to make something of himself. Furthermore, though only a C student, he was a member of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity, editor of the Harvard Crimson newspaper and received his degree in only three years. During his last year at Harvard, he became engaged to Eleanor Roosevelt, his fifth cousin. She was the niece of Franklin’s idol, Theodore Roosevelt. They married on March 17, 1905.

Franklin studied law at Columbia University Law School and passed the bar exam in 1907, though he didn’t receive a degree. For the next three years, he practiced corporate law in New York, living the typical upper-class life. He set his sights on greater accomplishments.

Where is Franklin D Roosevelt buried?

As was his wish, Roosevelt was buried in the Rose Garden of the Springwood estate, the Roosevelt family home in Hyde Park on April 15.

How did Franklin D Roosevelt die?

On March 29, 1945, Roosevelt went to the Little White House at Warm Springs, Georgia. There he slumped forward in his chair, unconscious, and was carried into his bedroom. The president’s attending cardiologist, Dr. Howard Bruenn, diagnosed a massive cerebral hemorrhage (stroke). At 3:35 p.m. that day, Roosevelt died.”

Franklin Delano ROOSEVELT Jr Biography

ROOSEVELT, Franklin Delano, Jr., (son of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and brother of James Roosevelt), a Representative from New York; born in Campobello, New Brunswick, Canada, August 17, 1914; graduated from Groton School, Groton, Mass., 1933; graduated from Harvard University, 1937; graduated from the University of Virginia Law School at Charlottesville, 1940; was admitted to the bar in 1942; was called from the Naval Reserve on March 13, 1941, to active duty as an ensign in the United States Navy and served in North Africa, Europe, and the Pacific; discharged from active duty in January 1946; awarded the Purple Heart Medal and the Silver Star; lawyer, private practice; vice president of President Trumans Committee on Civil Rights in 1947 and 1948; chairman of mayors committee on unity in New York City in 1948 and 1949; delegate to Democratic National Conventions in 1952 and 1956; elected as a Liberal Party candidate to the Eighty-first Congress, by special election, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of United States Representative Sol Bloom (May 17, 1949-January 3, 1951);

Changed from a Liberal to a Democrat on January 3, 1951; elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-second Congress and to the succeeding Congress (January 3, 1951-January 3, 1955); was not a candidate for renomination in 1954, but was unsuccessful for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination; unsuccessful candidate for election for attorney general of New York in 1954; engaged in the automobile import business in 1958; appointed by President Kennedy as chairman of Appalachian Regional Commission, 1963; appointed by President Kennedy as Undersecretary of Commerce, 1963; appointed by President Johnson as first Chairman of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 1965; unsuccessful candidate for Governor of New York State for Liberal Party in 1966; businessman and farmer; died on August 17, 1988, in Poughkeepsie, N.Y.; interment in St. James Episcopal Church, Hyde Park, N.Y.

 

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