John Tyler | 10th US PRESIDENT
US President: 1841-1845
US Vice President: 10th Vice President ( March 4, 1841- April 4, 1841)
Political Party: Democratic (1825-1834) Whig Party (1834-1841)
Education: College of William and Mary
Born: March 29, 1790 at Charles City County, Virginia
Died: January 18, 1862 (aged 71) at Richmond, Virginia
Spouse: Letitia Christian (m. 1813 – 1842), Julia Gardiner (m. 1844 – 1862)
Political Party: Democratic (1825 – 1834), Whig (1834 – 1841)
10th President of the United States (1841 – 1845)
10th Vice President of the United States (1841)
United States Senator from Virginia (1827 – 1836)
23rd Governor of Virginia (1825 – 1827)
U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia’s 23rd district (1816 – 1821)
First Ladies: Letitia Christian Tyler
Children: Mary, Robert, John, Letitia, Elizabeth, Anne, Alice, Tazewell, David, John Alexander, Julia, Lachlan, Lyon, Robert Fitzwalter, Pearl
Pictures of Julia Tyler from the Library of Congress
Facts about John Tyler
- Tyler’s death was the only one in presidential history not to be officially recognized in Washington, because of his allegiance to the Confederacy.
- He had a library of over 1,200 books. Shakespeare was his favorite author.
- Tyler had between 60 and 90 slaves on his plantation, Sherwood Forest.
- John Tyler was a member of the Whig Party. However, when he became president he did not support the Whig party’s desire for a national bank and higher tariffs.
- Since he was the first vice president to take office after a president’s death he was regarded by some as the “”accidental president.””
- President Tyler would often play his violin at White House parties.
Tyler’s main goal as president was to annex Texas to the United States. On April 12, 1844, Tyler submitted a treaty annexing Texas to the United States. The Senate could not get a 2/3 vote for annexation. After the 1944 election of Polk as president, Tyler sent a resolution to congress as a joint resolution to annex Texas. Also, since it wasn’t a treaty he only need a majority of votes in the house and senate. The resolution finally passed.
- During his term in office Florida was admitted as a state in 1845.
- He was the first president to have security protecting him. I consisted of four men who guarded the doors to the White House.
- After Tyler left office the State of Texas named a city and county after him.
- He joined the Confederacy when the Civil War started. Tyler was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives. He died before taking his seat in that office.
- Union troops ransacked Tyler’s plantation, Sherwood Forest. Most of his possessions were broken or burned. People considered him a traitor to the United Sates.
John Tyler Childhood
John Tyler was born on March 29, 1790, in Charles City County, Virginia, to a prominent family. Raised by parents John and Mary Armistead Tyler, he grew up with eight siblings, and they all received the best education available.
He studied law at the College of William and Mary, graduating in 1807, at the age of 17. After his admittance to the bar in 1809, Tyler worked for a prominent law firm in Richmond. His father became governor of Virginia that year, and at age 21, Tyler used his father’s contacts to gain a position in the Virginia House of Delegates. After his father’s passing, Tyler inherited a significant number of properties and slaves.
Where is John Tyler buried?
Tyler is buried in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia, in front of the grave-site of former President James Monroe.
How did John Tyler die?
Tyler died at age 71 on January 18, 1862, in Richmond, most likely due to a stroke.
John TYLER Biography
TYLER, John, (father of David Gardiner Tyler), a Representative and a Senator from Virginia, a Vice President and 10th President of the United States; born in Charles City County, Va., March 29, 1790; attended private schools and graduated from the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va., in 1807; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1809 and commenced practice in Charles City County; captain of a military company in 1813; member, State house of delegates 1811-1816; member of the council of state in 1816; elected as a Democratic Republican to the Fourteenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John Clopton; reelected to the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Congresses and served from December 17, 1816, to March 3, 1821; declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1820 because of impaired health; member, State house of delegates 1823-1825; Governor of Virginia 1825-1827; elected as a Jacksonian (later Anti-Jacksonian) to the United States Senate in 1827; reelected in 1833 and served from March 4, 1827, to February 29, 1836, when he resigned; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Twenty-third Congress; chairman, Committee on the District of Columbia (Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth Congresses), Committee on Manufactures (Twenty-third Congress);
Member of the State constitutional convention in 1829 and 1830; member, State house of delegates 1839; elected Vice President of the United States on the Whig ticket with William Henry Harrison in 1840; was inaugurated March 4, 1841, and served until the death of President Harrison on April 4, 1841; took the oath of office as President of the United States on April 6, 1841, and served until March 3, 1845; did not seek reelection; delegate to and president of the peace convention held in Washington, D.C., in 1861 in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war; delegate to the Confederate Provisional Congress in 1861; elected to the House of Representatives of the Confederate Congress, but died in Richmond, Va., January 18, 1862, before the assembling of the Congress; interment in Hollywood Cemetery.