Rutherford B Hayes Facts | 19th US PRESIDENT
US President: 1877-1881
US Vice President: William Wheeler
Political Party: Republican
Birth: October 4, 1822 in Delaware, Ohio
Death: January 17, 1893 in Fremont, Ohio
Education: Kenyon College, Harvard Law School
19th President of the United States (1877 – 1881)
29th and 32nd Governor of Ohio (1876 – 1877 and 1868 – 1872)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio’s 2nd district (1865 – 1867)
First Ladies: Lucy Webb
Children: Birchard, Webb, Rutherford, Joseph, George, Fanny, Scott, Manning
Pictures of Lucy Hayes from the Library of Congress
Facts about Rutherford B Hayes
First, Hayes fought in the Army during the Civil War, rising to the rank of major general and sustaining severe injuries at the Battle of South Mountain.
Furthermore, the first lady was a lifelong teetotaler who became known as Lemonade Lucy after her death, it was Hayes himself who initiated a ban on beer, wine, and liquor at the presidential residence.
- President Hayes was the first president to use a telephone while in office. Installed in the White House in 1879 by none other than Alexander Graham Bell.
- Hayes and his wife conducted the very first Easter egg roll on the White House lawn. It began a tradition that continues today on the Monday after Easter.
- Hayes was the first president to visit the West Coast while in office. He visited San Francisco on September 8, 1880.
- He signed legislation that allowed women to plead cases before the Supreme Court.
- Hayes lost the popular vote by about 250,000 but won the electoral vote by one vote.
- The Election of 1876 was highly controversial.
- Nickname the Dark-Horse President.
- His last words were “”I know that I’m going where Lucy is.””
Hayes’ honesty and fairness renewed respect for the presidential office. Honoring his commitment not to accept a second term, Hayes retired to his beautiful estate, Spiegel Grove, in Fremont, Ohio.
Rutherford B Hayes Childhood
Rutherford B. Hayes was born on October 4, 1822, in Delaware, Ohio. His family had moved to Ohio five years previously, and his father had died about two months before Hayes birth. Hayes and his sister, Fanny, were raised by their mother, and Hayes attended various schools until graduating from Kenyon College in 1842 as his class valedictorian.
Three years later he emerged with a law degree from Harvard Law School and began practicing law in Lower Sandusky, Ohio. Also, four years later, in 1849, Hayes picked up and moved to the more bustling Cincinnati, where his law practice flourished and where he was first drawn to the Republican Party. (Hayes antislavery sentiments found a kinship in the Republicans.)
Where is Rutherford B Hayes buried?
Finally, President-elect Grover Cleveland and Ohio Governor William McKinley led the funeral procession that followed Hayes’s body until he was interred in Oakwood Cemetery, Ohio. Additionally, following the donation of his home to the state of Ohio for the Spiegel Grove State Park, he was re-interred there in 1915.
How did Rutherford B Hayes die?
Hayes died of complications of a heart attack at his home, at Fremont, Ohio on January 17, 1893.
Rutherford B HAYES Biography
HAYES, Rutherford Birchard, a Representative from Ohio and 19th President of the United States; born in Delaware, Delaware County, Ohio, October 4, 1822; attended the common schools, the Methodist Academy in Norwalk, Ohio, and the Webb Preparatory School in Middletown, Conn.; graduated from Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio, in August 1842 and from the Harvard Law School in January 1845; admitted to the bar on May 10, 1845, and commenced practice in Lower Sandusky (now Fremont); moved to Cincinnati in 1849 and resumed the practice of law; city solicitor 1857-1859;
Commissioned major of the Twenty-third Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, June 27, 1861; lieutenant colonel October 24, 1861; colonel October 24, 1862; brigadier general of Volunteers October 9, 1864; brevetted major general of Volunteers March 3, 1865; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses and served from March 4, 1865, to July 20, 1867, when he resigned, having been nominated for Governor of Ohio; Governor 1868-1872; unsuccessful candidate for election to the Forty-third Congress; again elected Governor and served from January 1876 to March 2, 1877, when he resigned, having been elected President of the United States; was inaugurated March 5, 1877, and served until March 3, 1881; died in Fremont, Sandusky County, Ohio, January 17, 1893; interment in Oakwood Cemetery; following the gift of his home to the State of Ohio for the Spiegel Grove State Park, was reinterred there in 1915.